NEW YORK CITY, NY
Purpose: To commemorate 300th anniversary of discovery of Hudson River and centenary of successful steamboat navigation.
In addition to tributes paid Hendrik Hudson and Robert Fulton, Commission sought "to re-stimulate interest in the important roles New York City and New York State played in American history, to inculcate in the vast immigrant population of the state a pride in their new Homeland and to promote international friendship."
Organization: Program staged by Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission, created by 1906 Legislature; Members appointed by Governor and Mayor of New York City. At time of celebration, number of members had reached 805, including mayors of 47 other towns and cities.
Site, Dates: While New York City played leading role, other communities all along Hudson, up to headwaters at Troy, took active parts. Held Sept. 25 to Oct. 11, 1909, 17 days.
Comment: Opened with Naval Parade accompanying replicas of Half Moon and Clermont up Hudson to foot of 110th Street. Here was reenacted Hendrik Hudson's landing on Manhattan Island. Highlights of following days were Reception for foreign guests at Metropolitan Opera House, three great parades (Historical, Military and Carnival), Official Banquet at Astor Hotel and dedication of permanent memorials at 15 points throughout city.
Medals: There was an Official Medal but sizes preclude listing here. Issued by American Numismatic Society; struck in Gold, Silver, Silver-plate, Bronze and Aluminum; gold medals presented to heads of 8 foreign countries and to President Taft; silver medals to commission members and certain guests; silver-plated, bronze and aluminum medals placed on public sale.
Hendrik Hudson Daalder and Robert Fulton Dollar series below were issued by late Thomas L. Elder, N.Y.C. coin dealer and prolific striker of medals (See Part Ill for Elder biographical sketch); designed by Frank C. Higgins; modeled by J. Edouard Roine; struck by Medallic Art Co.
HENDRIK HUDSON DAALDER
Contradictory information as to number of pieces issued in various metals appears in Elder sales catalogs, beginning 1909 and extending over many years. At one point it was stated "only 100 struck," at another "less than 50 struck" and then, "contrary to expectations, only a few were struck"--all referring to same medal. In any event, all Elder issues were quite limited.
Medals below appear frequently in those sales but no mention ever is made of any Brass piece in gold dollar size (K-76), nor is such piece known to authors. Consequently, it is not listed here. Large Silver medal alone bears edge lettering as indicated.
Photos courtesy of Tom Hoffman
Obv. Male bust facing part r.; star and crescent at r. and l. borders; above • Hendrik * Hudson •; below bust 1609; beaded border.
Rev. Sailing ship; above Nieuw • Amsterdam below ship MCMIX / H / 1 Daalder; beaded border.
HK-369 Silver, on edge Med. Art Co. 38mm. Only 75-100 struck. DeLorey 74.
HK-369a Same as No. 369 except without Med. Art. Co on edge. DeLorey 74.
HK-370 Aluminum. 38mm. 200+ struck. DeLorey 74.
HK-370a Bronze. DeLorey 74.
HK-371 Gold, size of Gold Dollar. 15mm. Only 50-100 struck. DeLorey 75.
HK-372 Silver, size of Gold Dollar. Only 50-100 struck. DeLorey 75.
HK-373 Bronze, size of Gold Dollar. Only 50-100 struck. DeLorey 75.
HK-374 Aluminum, size of Gold Dollar. DeLorey 75.
ROBERT FULTON DOLLAR
As in case of Hendrik Hudson medals above, here again Elder sales catalogs are contradictory as to number of pieces issued in various metals. Medals below appear frequently in those sales and, in sale of Oct. 8, 1909, it was stated clearly that no large Silver (K-78) was struck at all. No mention ever is made of any small Brass (K-82), small Aluminum (K-83) or large Aluminum (not listed by Kenney) and no such pieces are known to authors. None of these four medals, therefore, is listed here. Gilt, in gold dollar size, is known and now represents addition to series previously reported. Gold, in gold dollar size, is known in both matte and bright finishes.
Photos courtesy of Jonathan Brecher
Photos shown twice actual size
Obv. Male bust facing part r.; above, around • * • Robert * Fulton • * •; below bust 1809-1909; beaded border.
Rev. Paddle-wheel steamship with sails; above, around * New York to Albany *; below ship The Clermont / H / One Trip; beaded border.
HK-375 Gold, size of Gold Dollar. 15mm. Only 75-100 struck. DeLorey 76.
HK-376 Silver, size of Gold Dollar. Only 50-100 struck. DeLorey 76.
HK-377 Bronze, size of Gold Dollar. Only 50 struck. DeLorey 76.
HK-378 Gilt, size of Gold Dollar. Only 25 struck. DeLorey 76.
HUDSON-FULTON (COMBINED) DOLLARS
Designed and modeled by sculptor Chester Beach; struck by Medallic Art Co.
Photos courtesy of John Dean
Obv. Conjoined male busts facing l.; around Henry Hudson • 1609 • Robert Fulton • 1807; below busts • 1909 •
Rev. Full female figure, arms outstretched, New York skyline faintly in background; in r. hand of figure a miniature ship (Half Moon), in l. hand another ship (Clermont); to l. of figure, around • Hudson • Fulton•; to r. of figure, around Celebration • N. Y.
HK-379 Silver. 38mm.
Photos courtesy of John Raymond
Obv. Conjoined male busts facing l.; to l. Hudson, to r. Fulton
Rev. Conjoined circles; in l. circle is sailing ship with 1609 below; in r. circle is steamboat with 1807 below; above all Hudson-Fulton / small Celebration; below all 1909 / New-York Sep. 25. Oct. 9.
HK-381 Bronze. 38mm.
HK-382 White Metal.
Photos courtesy of John Dean
Obv. Sailing ship; below The Half Moon / 1609 1909; above ship, around In Commemoration of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration; beaded border.
Rev. Steamship; below 1807-1909 / Fulton's S. S. Clermont; above ship, around New York Sept. 25th to Oct. 9th; beaded border.
HK-383 Bronze, Large Letters Obv. and Rev. 35mm.
Photos courtesy of John Dean
HK-384 Bronze, Small Letters Obv. and Rev. 35mm.
HK-385 Aluminum, Small Letters Obv. and Rev.
NOTE: No Aluminum, Large Letters Obv. and Rev., known to authors; also there are minor differences in dies in Bronze, Large and Small Letter varieties, e.g. "1609 1909" are closer together in Large Letter specimens.HK-353 to HK-368a HK-386 to HK-388b